Papillomas on the neck do not create noticeable discomfort, but spoil the appearance. These neoplasms grow when the human papillomavirus (HPV) enters the body. The only exception is growths, which are often damaged. To get rid of papillomas on the neck, specialized (most often surgical) intervention will be required.
Papillomas are benign neoplasms that result from HPV infection. Doctors isolate more than a hundred viruses that can cause such growths to appear on the body. Small hanging warts often appear on the neck, reach 2-3 cm in diameter.
Human papillomavirus infection occurs through direct contact with an HPV carrier. It is also possible to transmit the pathogen through personal hygiene items or clothing. The virus can enter the baby's body in utero or during delivery.
The likelihood of papillomas directly depends on the state of immunity. With a weakened body defense, the first growths appear several days after infection.
The reasons for the appearance of neoplasms on the neck include:
- frequent damage to the skin epithelium;
- allergic reactions;
- severe stress;
- respiratory diseases, helminthic invasions;
- long-term use of a number of drugs;
- bad habits;
- failure to comply with hygiene rules.
In women, hormonal imbalance during pregnancy, during menopause or due to taking contraceptives is considered one of the most common causes of growths.
If small growths appear on the neck, specialized treatment is often not required. In the absence of exposure to provoking factors, such warts disappear without external intervention in three years.
Types and symptoms
Of all types of papillomas on the neck, growths of the following types arise:
- Filiform- they look like small bumps with a yellowish surface. In the future, a leg appears, through which the growth is attached to the skin. Filiform papillomas are flesh-colored or light brown in color.
- Apartment- formations of this type protrude slightly above the cervical surface. The color of flat growths does not differ from the shade of neighboring tissues. Over time, they merge with each other, thereby increasing the affected area and sometimes itching.
- Keratopapillomas- occur mainly in people over the age of 30, are round or longitudinal.
- seborrheic- they are distinguished by the presence of a brittle surface. These growths are often painful.
- Simple (vulgar)- this type of papilloma is localized on the upper limbs, but sometimes they also grow on the neck or face. The growths look like rounded warts, which protrude significantly above the skin.
Most papillomas are single. But in case of injury to the affected area or against the background of strongly weakened immunity, the virus spreads to new areas, which leads to the appearance of more neoplasms.
The growth of papillomas is not accompanied by severe symptoms. In rare cases, the activity of the virus causes:
- burning up;
When the problem area is injured, the affected areas begin to bleed.
Complications caused by papillomavirus activity are often caused by the actions of the carrier of the infection. Frequent lesions to the growths cause:
- Development of papillomatosis. This pathology is characterized by multiple growths that form on a small area of the body. In extreme cases, the entire cervical region is affected. This is explained by the fact that each wart contains the smallest particles of the virus, which, when the neoplasm is injured, spread to healthy areas.
- Degeneration into a malignant tumor. Malignancy is also more often due to the trauma of neoplasms. Damage leads to the development of an inflammatory process in problem areas.
Papillomas on the neck are most often exposed to external influences, as a result of which open wounds are formed on the skin. For this reason, the affected area is often infected with pathogenic bacteria, which leads to inflammation and suppuration of the epidermis.
Therefore, if the wart peels off and bleeding begins in the problem area, it is necessary to treat the damaged skin with an antiseptic composition and close it with a bactericidal plaster. In addition, it is recommended to consult a dermatologist within two to three days to rule out the likelihood of complications.
Papillomavirus causes characteristic growths. However, in some cases, it is not possible to differentiate warts from other similar neoplasms.
To exclude other diseases manifested in the form of rashes, the following diagnostic measures are performed:
- PCR (polymerase chain reaction). It allows not only to diagnose the presence of a virus in the body, but also to assess the likelihood of tumor degeneration.
- Histological analysis. It is prescribed for suspicion of a malignant tumor.
The Digine test is considered to be more effective. This method is highly sensitive and provides information on the presence of papillomavirus, the strain of infection and the degree of oncogenicity.
To remove papillomas on the neck, you need to consult a dermatologist. It is not recommended to independently engage in the removal of neoplasms from the skin. This is especially true in cases of multiple tissue damage, which indicates a state of immunodeficiency.
In the treatment of papillomavirus, hardware and drug techniques are used. The latter copes well with single small growths.
Drug therapy is mainly carried out with the use of topical preparations.
To quickly remove warts from the neck, you can use special pharmaceutical products.
The use of drugs does not always help get rid of papillomas. In addition, this method of treatment does not exclude the possibility that neoplasms appear in the same place.
To remove papillomas from the neck, the following hardware removal techniques are used:
- Laser coagulation- allows you to remove neoplasms from the skin with minimal risk of infection or bleeding.
- cryodestruction- the procedure involves treating problem areas with liquid nitrogen, which destroys cancer cells.
- Electrocoagulation- tumors are removed by exposure to high frequency current. This method is more painful than previously described.
- Removal of radio waves- the method allows not only to remove the tumor, but also to take tissue for subsequent histological examination.
In rare cases, removal of the tumor from the neck is done surgically.
Home treatment can be carried out with folk remedies. They help remove not only the smallest tumors, but are also effective in fighting large growths.
Coping with papillomas on the neck will help:
- olive or castor oil. With this tool, it is necessary to lubricate problem areas several times a day;
- apple cider vinegar or ammonia. Each of these funds must first be applied to a cotton swab and applied for a few minutes on the build-up. The procedure should be carried out no more than once a day;
- aloe juice. They need to soak a cotton swab, which is applied to problem areas and held for 4-5 hours;
- tea tree oil. It is sufficient to apply two drops of the product daily on the skin neoplasm;
- tincture of celandine. To prepare it, you will need to mix the juice of the plant with water in equal proportions. The product is infused for two weeks in a dark place. The resulting medicine should be drunk every day, 15 drops.
Regardless of the chosen method of fighting papillomavirus, the treatment must be supplemented with measures aimed at strengthening immunity. For this, it is recommended to take vitamin and immunomodulatory complexes. From traditional medicine, decoctions of herbal preparations of lemon balm, plantain, dandelion root and other plants help strengthen the immune system.
It is quite difficult to prevent human papillomavirus infection. But if you follow the rules of prevention, you can avoid the appearance of neoplasms on the body. This requires:
- wash your hands and body daily;
- Healthy food;
- treat diseases in a timely manner;
- reject bad habits;
- lead an active and healthy lifestyle.
If warts appear on the neck, it is recommended to be examined by a doctor to rule out malignant neoplasms. It is imperative to consult a dermatologist if the wart has changed color or if multiple growths appear on the skin.